Seals

Latest Seals Articles

One of the oldest sealing devices, compression packing is still very common in modern industries such as oil and gas, petrochemical, agriculture, pulp and paper, power generation, and mining. Compression packing is made from a range of soft and pliable fibrous yarn materials—from vegetable and animal fiber to many high-performance synthetic fibers.

A leak rate of one drip per minute equals about a liter (quart) of water in three days. For an O-ring on a submersible pump, that is a major problem. O-rings are often used for static seals on submersible pumps. Understanding what makes a good static seal and what causes one to leak is important for pump maintenance and repair technicians.

Part One of this series explained how the clamping force on a bolted flange connection (BFC) can play a major role in preventing gasket blowout. In fact, more often than not, it is the single most important factor. Part Two discusses the two most important strategies to use for applying the correct clamping force.

Bearings in centrifugal pumps support hydraulic loads imposed on the impeller, the mass of the impeller and shaft, and loads caused by couplings and drive systems. They also keep axial and radial shaft deflections within acceptable limits for the impeller and shaft seal.

For 17 years, Pete Petrunich has been the authoritative expert on sealing technology.

Every month for the past decade, the Fluid Sealing Association’s technical director has coordinated the “Sealing Sense” articles for Pumps & Systems.

A basic electrical safety rule is that water and electricity do not mix. However, alternating current (AC) induction motors must function in or under water to operate pumps, mixers and aerators in industrial water and wastewater applications.

Process industries rely on vast piping systems and connected equipment that must be sealed safely to protect their employees, profits and the environment. Safely sealing these systems can be challenging, but failure to do so can result in serious problems—including injury and death.

Process industries rely on vast piping systems and connected equipment that must be sealed safely to protect their employees, profits and the environment. Safely sealing these systems can be challenging, but failure to do so can result in serious problems—including injury and death.

When a representative from a local distributor noticed a large amount of oil leaking from a semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mill gearbox at a copper mill, he decided that a permanent solution to the maintenance issues caused by inefficient sealing methods was needed.

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In my June column on pump and motor testing, I said that three-phase voltage variation and unbalance can have a significant effect on motor insulation life. Voltage variation is defined as the difference between the motor nameplate voltage and the incoming source voltage.

One of the supposed advantages of centrifugal pumps when compared to positive displacement pumps is their ability to operate across a wide flow range.

A reciprocating power pump, as depicted in Figure 1, is a displacement machine. It has characteristics that are different than a centrifugal pump.

Blogs

The global water crisis claims 5,500 lives each day—more than war, natural disasters, AIDS or hunger. It is a sobering problem but not an impossible one to solve.

SKF hosted their annual Technical Press Day on June 9, 2014, at Penske Headquarters in Mooresville, North Carolina. This was my first event to cover for Pumps & Systems, so I had a lot to learn! Here are a just a few of the things I picked up at press day.

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